Constitutional
Term

Parents

Conjunction
(And, Or)

Location
of Birth

Conjunction
(And, Or)

Other

Legal Reference

Natural Born Citizen

Both are U. S. Citizens

AND

Born in the U.S. mainland

 

 

US Constitution
Art. II, Sec. 1, Cl. 5

Minor v. Happersett
(1874) 21 Wall. 162, 166-168

Perkins v. Elg,
307 U.S. 325 (1939)

Citizen
by
Statute

Born to at least 1 US Citizen Parent

OR

Born in the U.S. mainland

OR

Naturalized

US Constitution
14th Amendment,
Sec. 1

U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark,
169 U.S. 649 (1898)

Perkins v. Elg,
307 U.S. 325 (1939)

Native-Born Citizen

 

 

Born in the U.S. mainland

 

 

US Constitution
14th Amendment,
Sec. 1

U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark,
169 U.S. 649 (1898)

Perkins v. Elg,
307 U.S. 325 (1939)